BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) is a synthetic antioxidant used as a preservative to extend shelf life. BHA can induce allergic reactions in the skin. It is a common carcinogen and a hormone disruptor and may cause liver, thyroid, and kidney problems.
p-phenylenediamine and colours listed as “CI” followed by a five digit number Coal tar is a mixture of many chemicals, derived from petroleum and have the potential to cause cancer.
Surfactants and pH adjuster linked to allergies, skin toxicity, hormone disruption, and inhibited fetal brain development, liver cancer, and precancerous change in skin and thyroid. Phthlates (DBP, DEHP, DEP and others) A class of plasticizing chemicals used to make products more pliable or to make fragrances stick to skin. Phthalates disrupt the endocrine system and may cause birth defects.
These formaldehyde-releasing agents are used as preservatives in a wide range of cosmetics. It is a known carcinogen that is also linked to asthma, neurotoxicity, and developmental toxicity. Formaldehyde may off-gas from cosmetics containing these ingredients and be inhaled can also be absorbed through the skin.
Parabens are the most widely used preservative in cosmetics. Parabens are the most widely used preservative in cosmetics and commonly used to prevent the growth of bacteria and mold. Parabens are endocrine (or hormone) disruptors, which may alter important hormone mechanisms in our bodies. An estimated 75 to 90 percent of cosmetics contain parabens. Parabens easily penetrate the skin and methylparaben applied on the skin reacts with UVB leading to increased skin aging and DNA damage.
PEGs (polyethylene glycols) are petroleum-based compounds that are widely used in cosmetics as thickeners, solvents, softeners, and moisture-carriers. Depending on manufacturing processes, PEGs may be contaminated with measurable amounts of ethylene oxide and 1,4-dioxane, which are both carcinogens and may interfere with fetal development
Petrolatum is a petroleum product. It is used as a barrier to lock moisture in the skin in a variety of moisturizers and also in hair care products to make your hair shine. Petrolatum can be contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and exposure can be associated with cancer. PAHs in petrolatum can also cause skin irritation and allergies.
These silicone-based compounds are used in cosmetics to soften, smooth, and moisten. They make hair products dry more quickly and deodorant creams slide on more easily. They are also used extensively in moisturizers and facial treatments. Cyclotetrasiloxane and cylcopentasiloxane are toxic, persistent, and have the potential to bioaccumulate. They are hormone disruptors and can harm reproductive and immune systems.
SLS and SLES are surfactants that can cause skin irritation or trigger allergies. SLES is often contaminated with 1,4-dioxane, a byproduct of a petrochemical process called ethoxylation, which is used to process other chemicals in order to make them less harsh. Sodium laureth sulfate may be contaminated with measurable amounts of ethylene oxide and 1,4-dioxane, a byproduct of a petrochemical process called ethoxylation, which is used to process other chemicals in order to make them less harsh. Ethylene oxideias a known human carcinogen and 1,4-dioxane is a possible human carcinogen. Ethylene oxide can also harm the nervous system and may interfere with human development.
Triclosan is used mainly as a preservative and an anti-bacterial agent to resist bacteria, fungus, mildew, and odors. Triclosan can pass through skin, and is suspected of interfering with hormone function and may also impact human reproductive systems. Triclosan as potentially, bioaccumulative, and persistent.
A disinfectant used as a preservative and surfactant associated with severe skin, eye, and respiratory irritation and allergies. Found in: sunscreens, moisturizers.
A chelating (binding) agent added to cosmetics to improve stability. May be toxic to organs. Found in: hair color, moisturizers.
A skin-lightening chemical that inhibits the production of melanin and is linked to cancer, organ toxicity, and skin irritation. Found in: skin-lightening creams.
Chemical preservatives that are among the most common irritants, sensitizers, and causes of contact skin allergies. Found in: shampoo, conditioner, body wash.
Sunscreen agent and ultraviolet light absorber linked to irritation, sensitization, and allergies, and possible hormone disruption. Found in: sunscreen, moisturizer.
A nutrient that may damage DNA and speed the growth of skin tumors when used topically. Found in: moisturizer, anti-aging skincare.
A volatile petrochemical solvent that is toxic to the immune system and can cause birth defects. Found in: nail polish.
Paraffin are petroleum byproducts. The concern with these ingredients are unsustainable sourcing and possible Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). PAHs are linked to cancer.
Usually used in hair dyes, it’s linked to a host of issues including allergies, irritation, and hormone disruption.
Mercury and Mercury Compounds
Methyl Cellosolve Mineral Oil